Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that occurs most commonly on the face or neck, often near an eyelid or on the nose. The tumor cells are thought to originate from the basal, or deepest layer of skin
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
• Typically appears on the eyelid (the lower lid is more common than the upper)
• Begins as a small, raised growth
• Classic appearance is a nodule with a pitted center
• Tumor edges may have a â€œpearlyâ€ appearance
• Does not cause discomfort, but if advanced, may cause lid to turn in or out
DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS
If left untreated, the growth may gradually invade the surrounding tissue. Fortunately, basal cell carcinomas rarely metastasize (spread to other parts of the body). Diagnosis is made by microscopic examination of the tumor cells.
Basal cell can be removed surgically or with radiation. As with any type of cancer, early detection is important. Consult with an ophthalmologist or dermatologist about any suspicious growth appearing on the eyelids or skin.
Individuals at risk, especially the fair-skinned, should avoid overexposure to sunlight. Wear sunglasses to protect the delicate skin around the eyelids from UV light. Protective clothing, headgear, and sunscreen are also recommended